Pauci-immune necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis with crescentic and full moon extracapillary proliferation: clinico-pathologic correlation and follow-up study

Pathol Res Pract. 2013 Feb 15;209(2):75-82. doi: 10.1016/j.prp.2012.10.012. Epub 2012 Dec 14.


The prognostic value of the type and extent of extracapillary proliferation (ECP) in pauci-immune necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephitis (PIGN) was evaluated in this study. In 141 PIGN cases, all glomeruli with ECP were grouped according to type (cellular, fibrocellular and fibrous) and extent of the lesions in Bowman's space; (segmental, semicircumferential and circumferential, which might be termed full moon-FM). Cases with cellular and fibrous lesions involving ≥ 50% of glomeruli with ECP were classified as cellular and fibrous groups, respectively, while the remaining cases were classified as fibrocellular. Cases with segmental and circumferential (FM glomerulus) lesions involving ≥ 50% of glomeruli with ECP were classified as ECPI and ECPIII (FM) groups, respectively, while the rest were classified as ECPII. All the cases were classified according to Berden et al. Significant results were only nearly obtained for the FM group, including the need for dialysis. The Cox regression model revealed a 2.6-fold risk for FM cases regarding dialysis requirement. We propose that the percentage of FM glomeruli should be noted in the pathology report, and cases with more than 50% of FM glomeruli (FM group) should be identified in the group with increased risk of dialysis requirement. Our series also suggests that classification according to Berden et al. is of clinical relevance.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis / pathology*
  • Child
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glomerulonephritis / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult