Nutritional value of cooked offal derived from free-range rams reared in South Africa

Meat Sci. 2013 Mar;93(3):696-702. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2012.11.041. Epub 2012 Nov 23.


Nutritional value of Dorper (n=10) and Merino (n=10) by-products were evaluated. Proximate composition differed between organs and breeds with Merino heart (68.9 g/100 g), spleen (77.2 g/100 g) and testicles (83.7 g/100 g) having higher moisture contents than their Dorper counterparts. Dorper brain (10.1 g/100 g), heart (15.2 g/100 g), spleen (20.4 g/100 g) and testicles (12.9 g/100 g) had higher protein contents than Merino. Dorper organs also tended to have a lower fat content. Amino acid and fatty acid profiles differed between organs and breeds. Few differences were noted in total SFA and MUFA. Dorper heart (1.8%) had significantly lower total PUFA than Merino heart (7.3%). All the organs showed favourable P:S ratios, with the exception of the tongue, heart and stomach. Dorper and Merino brain, lungs and testicles had favourable n-6/n-3 ratios. Cholesterol content differed between both organs and breeds. The value of offal as food is discussed further.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Breeding*
  • Cholesterol, Dietary / metabolism
  • Cooking
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Fats / metabolism*
  • Dietary Proteins / metabolism*
  • Fatty Acids / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meat / analysis*
  • Nutritive Value
  • Sheep
  • South Africa
  • Water


  • Cholesterol, Dietary
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Fatty Acids
  • Water