Psychological factors in dyspepsia of unknown cause: a comparison with peptic ulcer disease

J Psychosom Res. 1990;34(2):215-22. doi: 10.1016/0022-3999(90)90055-9.


Patients with dyspepsia of unknown origin (DUO) and those with similar upper abdominal symptoms but with an organic cause (peptic ulcer) were assessed on personality and psychological symptom measures. The DUO patients had significantly more symptoms of anxiety and tension and higher scores for trait tension and hostility than the organic group. The two groups did not differ significantly in terms of depressive symptoms, neuroticism, psychoticism, or suppression of negative affects. The implications of these findings for the aetiology and diagnosis of DUO are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Affective Symptoms / psychology
  • Aged
  • Anger
  • Dyspepsia / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peptic Ulcer / psychology*
  • Personality Tests
  • Psychophysiologic Disorders / psychology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sick Role*