[Anthropometry of the Swiss junior and elite judo national team - a descriptive study]

Sportverletz Sportschaden. 2012 Dec;26(4):199-203. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1330510. Epub 2012 Dec 19.
[Article in German]


Objective: To establish the anthropometrical characteristics and the hand grip strength of the Swiss junior and elite judo national team. The measured values were compared with data from the literature.

Methods: 24 members, 19 males (23.01 ± 4.91 years) and five females (19.95 ± 2.02 years), were measured. The following anthropometric measurements were made: body size, body weight, six skinfolds (SFT), two breadths, two circumferences, body fat (tanita scale, Durnin and Womersley method), BMI and determination of somatotypes. In addition, the hand grip strength was measured. The anthropometric measurements were carried out in accordance with ISAK guidelines. The literature search was done electronically using PubMed.

Results: The mean somatotype of male judoka was 2,2 ± 0,8 for the endomorphy, 6,0 ± 0,9 for the mesomorphy and 2,0 ± 0,7 for the ectomorphy. The mean somatotype was balanced mesomorph. The mean hand grip strength of male judoka was 47,4 ± 6,7 kg. The mean somatotype of female judoka was 3.7 ± 1.2 for the endomorphy, 4,9 ± 0,7 for the mesomorphy and 1,5 ± 0,3 for the ectomorphy. The mean somatotype was mesomorphic endomorph. The mean hand grip strength of the female judoka was 27,0 ± 3,1 kg. There were anthropometric differences between the Swiss juniors and elite judoka and between the Swiss athletes and the athletes of the reference studies.

Conclusion: The anthropometric data and the results of the hand grip strength give information, which components Swiss judoka should improve. A judoka who does not match the ideal profile can still be successful with the help of other factors (technical, tactical, mental strength).

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anthropometry*
  • Athletic Performance / physiology*
  • Body Height / physiology*
  • Body Weight / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Martial Arts / physiology*
  • Muscle Strength / physiology*
  • Physical Fitness / physiology*
  • Switzerland / epidemiology