The role of laparoscopy in abdominal trauma - review of the literature

Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne. 2011 Sep;6(3):121-6. doi: 10.5114/wiitm.2011.24688. Epub 2011 Sep 30.


The necessity of urgent explorative laparotomy as a standard procedure in the treatment of abdominal penetrating wounds is controversial. Mandatory surgical intervention for penetrating abdominal trauma yields a high rate of negative laparotomies in the absence of visceral injuries. Laparoscopy is an alternative diagnostic procedure inspecting the peritoneum for signs of perforation and excluding significant intra-abdominal injuries. Following current guidelines, diagnostic laparoscopy should be used with caution only in selected cases due to the limited amount of reliable data confirming the effectiveness of such treatment. We present a review of the literature analysing the role of diagnostic laparoscopy in abdominal trauma.

Keywords: abdominal trauma; diagnostic laparoscopy.