Iron, zinc and calcium dialyzability from extruded product based on whole grain amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus and Amaranthus cruentus) and amaranth/Zea mays blends

Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2013 Jun;64(4):502-7. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2012.753038. Epub 2012 Dec 20.


Amaranth is a Native American grain appreciated for its high nutritional properties including high mineral content. The aim of this study was to evaluate the availability of Fe, Zn and Ca from extruded products made with two varieties of amaranth and their mixtures with maize at two levels of replacement. Mineral availability was estimated using dialyzability method. The contents of Fe (64.0-84.0 mg/kg), Ca (1977.5-2348.8 mg/kg) and Zn (30.0-32.1 mg/kg) were higher in amaranth than in maize products (6.2, 19.1, 9.7 mg/kg, respectively). Mineral availability was in the range of (2.0-3.6%), (3.3-11.1%) and (1.6-11.4%) for Fe, Ca and Zn, respectively. Extruded amaranth and amaranth/maize products provide higher amount of Fe and Ca than extruded maize. Extruded amaranth products and amaranth addition to maize could be an interesting way to increase nutritional value of extruded products.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amaranthus / chemistry*
  • Biological Availability
  • Calcium / analysis*
  • Diet
  • Food Analysis
  • Humans
  • Iron / analysis*
  • Minerals / analysis*
  • Nutritive Value
  • Seeds / chemistry*
  • Zea mays / chemistry*
  • Zinc / analysis*


  • Minerals
  • Iron
  • Zinc
  • Calcium