Modelling thermal degradation of zearalenone in maize bread during baking

Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2013;30(3):528-33. doi: 10.1080/19440049.2012.751629. Epub 2012 Dec 21.


The thermal degradation of zearalenone (ZEA) was investigated using a crust-like model, representing maize bread, which was prepared with naturally contaminated maize flour. Model samples were heated under isothermal conditions at the temperature range of 100-250°C. No reduction was observed at 100°C. Thermal degradation rate constants (k) were calculated as 0.0017, 0.0143 and 0.0216 min(-1) for 150, 200 and 250°C, respectively. Maize bread baked at 250°C for 70 min was used to test the capability of model kinetic data for the prediction of ZEA reduction. The time-temperature history in the crust and crumb parts was recorded separately. Partial degradation of ZEA at each time interval was calculated by means of the corresponding k-values obtained by using the Arrhenius equation, and the total reduction occurring at the end of the entire baking process was predicted. The reduction in the crumb and crust of bread was also experimentally determined and found to be consistent with the predicted values. It was concluded that the kinetic constants determined by means of the crust-like model could be used to predict the ZEA reduction occurring during baking of maize bread.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cooking*
  • Hot Temperature*
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Zea mays*
  • Zearalenone / chemistry*


  • Zearalenone