SIRT1 and energy metabolism

Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2013 Jan;45(1):51-60. doi: 10.1093/abbs/gms108.


Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is the most conserved mammalian NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase that has emerged as a key metabolic sensor in various metabolic tissues. In response to different environmental stimuli, SIRT1 directly links the cellular metabolic status to the chromatin structure and the regulation of gene expression, thereby modulating a variety of cellular processes such as energy metabolism and stress response. Recent studies have shown that SIRT1 controls both glucose and lipid metabolism in the liver, promotes fat mobilization and stimulates brown remodeling of the white fat in white adipose tissue, controls insulin secretion in the pancreas, senses nutrient availability in the hypothalamus, influences obesity-induced inflammation in macrophages, and modulates the activity of circadian clock in metabolic tissues. This review focuses on the role of SIRT1 in regulating energy metabolism at different metabolic tissues.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Circadian Rhythm / physiology
  • Energy Metabolism*
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Sirtuin 1 / metabolism*
  • Sirtuin 1 / physiology
  • Transcription, Genetic / physiology


  • SIRT1 protein, human
  • Sirtuin 1
  • Glucose