The worldwide environment of cardiovascular disease: prevalence, diagnosis, therapy, and policy issues: a report from the American College of Cardiology

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Dec 25;60(25 Suppl):S1-49. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2012.11.002.


The environment in which the field of cardiology finds itself has been rapidly changing. This supplement, an expansion of a report created for the Board of Trustees, is intended to provide a timely snapshot of the socio-economic, political, and scientific aspects of this environment as it applies to practice both in the United States and internationally. This publication should assist healthcare professionals looking for the most recent statistics on cardiovascular disease and the risk factors that contribute to it, drug and device trends affecting the industry, and how the practice of cardiology is changing in the United States.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiology* / economics
  • Cardiovascular Agents / economics
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / economics
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / therapy
  • Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures / instrumentation
  • Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures / trends
  • Health Policy
  • Humans
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Societies, Medical
  • United States
  • Workforce


  • Cardiovascular Agents