The success of filtering surgery for glaucoma may be compromised by a postoperative flat anterior chamber associated with cornea-lens touch, hypotony, and absence of wound leakage. The clinical course of eight patients with this complication was reviewed. Six patients had chronic angle-closure glaucoma. Only one patient responded to medical therapy which included frequent topical application of atropine sulfate 3.0% for 1 hour. Reformation of the anterior chamber with air and drainage of any suprachoroidal fluid was immediately performed in the remaining seven. At the time of follow-up (mean, 16 months), the glaucoma was controlled in all eyes except one. The mean intraocular pressure (IOP) was 14 mmHg in those eyes not requiring reoperation. Six (75%) of eight eyes had diffuse, succulent filter blebs. Five eyes (63%) required no antiglaucoma medications, one eye (12%) required one, one eye (12%) required two, and one eye (12%) underwent repeat filtering surgery. The results suggest that, once medical therapy is not immediately successful, prompt surgical reformation of the anterior chamber along with drainage of any suprachoroidal fluid may preserve the filter blebs in these eyes.