Vorinostat, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, suppresses dendritic cell function and ameliorates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

Exp Neurol. 2013 Mar;241:56-66. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2012.12.006. Epub 2012 Dec 21.


Vorinostat, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, has been used clinically as an anticancer drug and also has immunosuppressive properties. However, the underlying mechanisms of effects of vorinostat on central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory diseases remain incomplete. Here, this study investigates the effects of vorinostat on human CD14(+) monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) and mouse immature DC in vitro. Furthermore, we explore the therapeutic effects and cellular mechanisms of vorinostat on animal model of multiple sclerosis, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in vivo. Our findings demonstrate that vorinostat inhibited human CD14(+) monocyte-derived DCs differentiation, maturation, endocytosis, and further inhibited mDCs' stimulation of allogeneic T-cell proliferation. In addition, vorinostat inhibited DC-directed Th1- (Type 1T helper) and Th17-polarizing cytokine production. Furthermore, vorinostat ameliorated Th1- and Th17-mediated EAE by reducing CNS inflammation and demyelination. What's more, Th1 and Th17 cell functions were suppressed in vorinostat-treated EAE mice. Finally, vorinostat suppressed expression of costimulatory molecules of DC in EAE mice. These suggest therapeutic effects of vorinostat on EAE which may by suppress DCs and DCs-mediated Th1 and Th17 cell functions. Our findings warrant further investigation in the potential of vorinostat for the treatment of human multiple sclerosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD / classification
  • Antigens, CD / metabolism
  • Cell Count
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects
  • Cell Polarity / drug effects
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytokines / genetics
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Dendritic Cells / cytology
  • Dendritic Cells / drug effects*
  • Dendritic Cells / pathology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental / chemically induced
  • Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental / drug therapy*
  • Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental / pathology*
  • Female
  • Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Hydroxamic Acids / therapeutic use*
  • Lipopolysaccharides / toxicity
  • Lymphocyte Activation / drug effects
  • Lymphocytes / drug effects
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein / toxicity
  • Peptide Fragments / toxicity
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Vorinostat


  • Antigens, CD
  • Cytokines
  • Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
  • Hydroxamic Acids
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein
  • Peptide Fragments
  • RNA, Messenger
  • myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (35-55)
  • Vorinostat