Goal Management Training in Adults With ADHD: An Intervention Study

J Atten Disord. 2017 Nov;21(13):1130-1137. doi: 10.1177/1087054712468052. Epub 2012 Dec 20.


Objective: This article describes a controlled, neuropsychological intervention study in adult ADHD. We examined whether adults with ADHD would benefit from a structured course based on Goal Management Training (GMT). The comprehensive course also included psycho-education on the important aspects of executive functioning as well as counseling with respect to coping behaviors.

Method: The intervention group was compared with a control group of patients who received psycho-education only ( n = 12 and n = 15, respectively). The effects of the intervention were evaluated using subjective and objective test measures. In addition, a structured preassessment, an evaluation, and a group comparison were carried out by an experienced clinician, who was blinded to the intervention itself.

Results: The results of the structured clinical interview obtained in the active intervention group were significantly better in the intervention group than those of the control group.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that the combination of GMT with psycho-education and counseling may have validity for adults with ADHD.

Keywords: ADHD; adults; cognitive training; executive functioning.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adult
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Counseling
  • Executive Function*
  • Female
  • Goals*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neuropsychology / education
  • Patient Education as Topic / organization & administration*
  • Self Care*