PIK3CA Mutational Status and Overall Survival in Patients With Cervical Cancer Treated With Radical Chemoradiotherapy

Gynecol Oncol. 2013 Mar;128(3):409-14. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2012.12.019. Epub 2012 Dec 22.

Abstract

Objective: Mutational activation of PIK3CA is associated with poor prognosis in patients with solid tumors, and may predict favorable response to PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway inhibitors. However, PIK3CA mutational status has not previously been evaluated in patients with cervical carcinoma treated with radical chemoradiotherapy (CRT). The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate the frequency of PIK3CA mutations in patients with cervical cancer treated with radical CRT and (2) to examine the effect of tumor PIK3CA mutational status in pre-treatment biopsies on overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).

Methods: Patients with cervical cancer, treated at a single institution with radical CRT, from 1999 to 2008, were eligible for this retrospective study. Pre-treatment tumor biopsies (n=157) were retrieved. Genomic DNA was extracted from tumor blocks, and exons 9 and 20 of the PIK3CA gene were sequenced for mutations.

Results: Eighty-two tumors were sequenced for both exon 9 and exon 20. 19/82 (23%) tumors were PIK3CA mutation positive; of these 84% were squamous cell carcinomas. 79% of mutations were in exon 9. PIK3CA mutation status was strongly associated with overall survival (OS) in FIGO stage IB/II patients, unadjusted HR 6.0 (95% CI 2.1-17.5), p=0.0002, but not stage III/IVA patients, unadjusted HR 1.0 (95% CI 0.32-3.1), p=0.98.

Conclusions: In cervical cancer patients treated with CRT, tumor PIK3CA mutation status was associated with overall survival in FIGO stage IB/II cervix cancers. Further evaluation with a larger dataset will be required to validate these findings to inform potential clinical trials designs involving PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway inhibitors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics*
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism
  • Chemoradiotherapy
  • Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / genetics*
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Analysis
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • PIK3CA protein, human