Lentinula edodes mycelia extract(LEM) may mitigate the immunosuppression caused by regulatory T cells(Tregs), and it is therefore expected that LEM will be useful with cancer immunotherapy. In this study, we evaluated the quality of life (QOL) and immune function in cancer patients receiving a combination of immunotherapy and oral administration of LEM.
Methods: Ten patients who had received cancer immunotherapy were enrolled. They received cancer immunotherapy alone for the first 4 weeks, and were then administered LEM (1,800 mg/day) with cancer immunotherapy for the next 4 weeks. QOL scores and immune parameters were evaluated at weeks 0, 4, and 8.
Results: The total score for QOL was improved during the period with LEM administration compared to the period with immunotherapy alone. Interferon (IFN)-γ secretion from peripheral blood cells was increased during the period with LEM administration. The change in IFN-γ secretion in the LEM administration period possibly correlated with changes in the Treg population.
Conclusion: Oral administration of LEM may improve QOL and immunity in patients receiving cancer immunotherapy.