Diabetic muscle infarction in a 57 year old male: a case report

BMC Res Notes. 2012 Dec 27;5:701. doi: 10.1186/1756-0500-5-701.


Background: Diabetic muscle infarction is a rare complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) and is often misdiagnosed as cellulitis. This complication is usually associated with poor disease prognosis and high mortality with previous studies reporting a risk of 50% recurrence or another macrovascular complication occurring within one year. Thus, there needs to be greater awareness of this complication of diabetes.

Case presentation: In the current work, we present a case report and literature review of DMI occurring in a calf of a 57 year old male. However, unlike the suspected trend, our patient has performed well after this incident and has not sustained another macrovascular event now > 15 month since his original diabetic muscle infarction.

Conclusion: Even though diabetic muscle infarction is an uncommon condition, it is important to consider this diagnosis in a diabetic patient. We hope that our findings and literature review will aid clinicians to better diagnose and manage this condition.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / pathology
  • Diabetic Angiopathies / complications*
  • Diabetic Angiopathies / pathology
  • Humans
  • Infarction / diagnosis
  • Infarction / etiology*
  • Infarction / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle, Skeletal / blood supply*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / pathology