Background: Whereas considerable work has been published regarding biological factors associated with infant health, much less is known about the associations of environmental context with infant development - the focus of the present cross-sectional study.
Methods: Data were collected on 561 infants, aged newborn to 18 months. Measures included the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development-Infant Scale, Alberta Infant Motor Scale, and selected bio/medical factors. Correlation and regression were used to analyze the data.
Results: Home environmental factors were associated with children's motor development as much as some typically high-risk biologic factors.
Conclusion: The home environment partially explained infant development outcomes and infants at risk could possibly be helped with a home assessment for affordances.
© 2012 The Authors. Pediatrics International © 2012 Japan Pediatric Society.