Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum L.): A Potential Source of High-Value Components for Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals--A Review

Phytother Res. 2013 Oct;27(10):1439-56. doi: 10.1002/ptr.4897. Epub 2012 Dec 19.

Abstract

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), a herbal plant, belonging to the family Apiceae, is valued for its culinary and medicinal uses. All parts of this herb are in use as flavoring agent and/or as traditional remedies for the treatment of different disorders in the folk medicine systems of different civilizations. The plant is a potential source of lipids (rich in petroselinic acid) and an essential oil (high in linalool) isolated from the seeds and the aerial parts. Due to the presence of a multitude of bioactives, a wide array of pharmacological activities have been ascribed to different parts of this herb, which include anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, anti-diabetic, anxiolytic, anti-epileptic, anti-depressant, anti-mutagenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-dyslipidemic, anti-hypertensive, neuro-protective and diuretic. Interestingly, coriander also possessed lead-detoxifying potential. This review focuses on the medicinal uses, detailed phytochemistry, and the biological activities of this valuable herb to explore its potential uses as a functional food for the nutraceutical industry.

Keywords: biological activities; coriander; essential oil; functional food; linalool; lipids; medicinal uses.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acyclic Monoterpenes
  • Coriandrum / chemistry*
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Functional Food*
  • Monoterpenes / chemistry
  • Oils, Volatile / chemistry
  • Oleic Acids / chemistry
  • Plant Components, Aerial / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Plants, Medicinal / chemistry*
  • Seeds / chemistry

Substances

  • Acyclic Monoterpenes
  • Monoterpenes
  • Oils, Volatile
  • Oleic Acids
  • Plant Extracts
  • petroselinic acid
  • linalool