Aims: To investigate whether there is an association between job stress, lipid profile and dyslipidemia diagnosis.
Methods: This study used a questionnaire to evaluate job stress and lifestyle variables in 91,593 workers undergoing periodic checkups. Serum lipid levels were measured in all cases.
Results: The prevalence of job stress was 8.7% (95% CI, 8.5-8.8%). In bivariate analyses, job stress was significantly associated with previous dyslipidemia diagnosis (p < 0.001), lipid-lowering therapy (p < 0.001), and altered total-cholesterol (p = 0.001), HDL-cholesterol (p < 0.001) and LDL-cholesterol levels (p = 0.025). After adjusting for potential confounding variables, job stress was still associated with current dyslipidemia diagnosis (OR = 1.10; 95% CI, 1.04-1.17), high LDL-cholesterol (OR = 1.14; 95% CI, 1.05-1.23), low HDL-cholesterol (OR 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01-1.15), high total cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol ratio (OR 1.13; 95% CI, 1.05-1.23) and high LDL-cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol ratio (OR 1.11; 95% CI, 1.04-1.19).
Conclusion: These results support the hypothesis of an association between job stress and lipid disturbances.