Objective: To identify if rheumatoid factor (RF) is predictor of response to rituximab (RTX), abatacept (ABT), and tocilizumab (TCZ) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials and observational studies based on a sensitive search. Meta-regression was used to explore causes of heterogeneity. Unpublished data of clinical trials provided by the authors were also included.
Results: The electronic search captured 3221 references and 422 meeting abstracts. By hand search, four additional articles were also identified. A total of 23 studies meet the purpose of the study and were included in the review. RF positivity at starting predicts better ACR20 [OR, 1.95 (1.24, 3.08)], ACR50 [OR, 5.38 (2.50, 11.60)] and EULAR response [OR, 3.52 (1.66, 7.45)] in 14 studies with RTX, and better ACR20 [OR, 1.51 (1.21, 1.90)] in 6 studies with TCZ. In 3 studies with ABT, no association was found between response and RF [OR 1.36 (0.97, 1.90)]. No asymmetries in the funnel plots or significant variables were found in the meta-regression.
Conclusion: In RA, RF positivity predicts better response to RTX and TCZ but not to ABT.
Keywords: Abatacept; Response; Rheumatoid factor; Rituximab; Tocilizumab.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.