Background: Differences in response to treatment have been observed for bipolar disorder (BPD) patients with manic or mixed episodes. This post-hoc analysis examined the maintenance effect of aripiprazole in combination with lithium or valproate in subpopulations of patients entering a relapse prevention study with either manic or mixed bipolar episodes.
Methods: A long-term relapse prevention study of BPD patients with manic or mixed episodes included a single-blind stabilization phase, in which patients were stabilized with single-blind aripiprazole plus lithium or valproate (maintaining stability for 12 weeks), and a double-blind relapse assessment phase, where patients were randomized to aripiprazole or placebo plus lithium or valproate for up to 52 weeks. Lithium and valproate groups were pooled.
Results: The time to relapse of any mood episode was longer in the adjunctive aripiprazole group versus the lithium/valproate monotherapy group for the manic (p<0.01) but not mixed population (p=0.59). The LOCF analysis indicated a significantly greater reduction in YMRS total score from baseline with continued aripiprazole versus placebo at 52 weeks in both manic (treatment difference=-3.32, p<0.01) and mixed episode populations (treatment difference=-2.56, p=0.02). Overall, adverse event profiles were similar between the populations.
Limitation: The lithium and valproate subgroups were combined.
Conclusions: The continuation of aripiprazole in stabilized BPD patients treated with lithium or valproate increased the time to relapse of any mood episode for manic but not mixed patients; both groups achieved greater stability in YMRS total score with adjunctive aripiprazole. Thus, adjunctive aripiprazole may be more appropriate for stabilized patients with manic episodes.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.