In human atrial myocytes the transient outward current I(to) develops a conspicuous faster inactivation with increasing temperatures. Since β-subunits are known to modulate I(to) current kinetics, we hypothesized that the temperature sensitivity of I(to) is not only determined by the property of the ion-passing α-subunit Kv4.3 but also by its interaction with accessory β-subunits. We therefore studied the influence of the transmembrane β-subunits KCNE1, KCNE2 and DPP6 on Kv4.3/KChIP2 channels in CHO cells at room temperature and at physiological temperature. Exposure to 37°C caused a significant acceleration of the channel kinetics, whereas current densities and voltage dependences remained unaltered at 37°C compared to 23°C. However, Kv4.3/KChIP2 channels without transmembrane β-subunits showed the strongest temperature sensitivity with considerably increased rates of activation and inactivation at 37°C. KCNE2 significantly slowed the current kinetics at 37°C compared to Kv4.3/KChIP2 channels, whereas KCNE1 did not influence the channel properties at both temperatures. Interestingly, the accelerating effects of DPP6 on current kinetics described at 23°C were diminished at physiological temperature, thus at 37°C current kinetics became remarkably similar for channel complexes Kv4.3/KChIP2 with and without DPP6 isoforms. A Markov state model was developed on the basis of experimental measurements to simulate the influence of β-subunits on Kv4.3 channel complex at both temperatures. In conclusion, the remarkably fast kinetics of the native I(to) at 37°C could be reproduced by co-expressing Kv4.3, KChIP2, KCNE2 and DPP6 in CHO cells, whereas the high temperature sensitivity of human I(to) could be not mimicked.
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