Neonatal stroke causes poor midline motor behaviors and poor fine and gross motor skills during early infancy

Res Dev Disabil. 2013 Mar;34(3):1011-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2012.11.028. Epub 2013 Jan 3.


Upper extremity movements, midline behaviors, fine, and gross motor skills are frequently impaired in hemiparesis and cerebral palsy. We investigated midline toy exploration and fine and gross motor skills in infants at risk for hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Eight infants with neonatal stroke (NS) and thirteen infants with typical development (TD) were assessed from 2 to 7 months of age. The following variables were analyzed: percentage of time in midline and fine and gross motor scores on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID-III). Infants with neonatal stroke demonstrated poor performance in midline behaviors and fine and gross motor scores on the BSID-III. These results suggest that infants with NS have poor midline behaviors and motor skill development early in infancy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cerebral Palsy / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Behavior / physiology*
  • Male
  • Motor Skills / physiology*
  • Motor Skills Disorders / etiology
  • Motor Skills Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Stroke / complications
  • Stroke / physiopathology*