Peri-implant bone loss in cement- and screw-retained prostheses: systematic review and meta-analysis

J Clin Periodontol. 2013 Mar;40(3):287-95. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.12041. Epub 2013 Jan 9.


Aim: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess and compare peri-implant marginal bone loss in cement- and screw-retained prostheses.

Material and methods: Electronic database and manual searches were undertaken to identify trials, prospective or retrospective studies reporting on radiographic marginal bone loss around dental implants restored with cement- and/or screw-retained prostheses. Two reviewers independently conducted the article selection and data extraction. Random-effects models were used to obtain estimates of peri-implant marginal bone loss [mean, 95% confidence intervals (CI)].

Results: Of the 1217 identified studies, nine finally met the inclusion criteria. Only two studies included both cement- and screw-retained prostheses, three assessed only screw-retained prostheses, and four evaluated only cement-retained prostheses. Pooled mean marginal bone loss was 0.53 mm (CI 95%, 0.31-0.76 mm) for cement-retained prostheses and 0.89 mm (CI 95%, 0.45-1.33 mm) for screw-retained prostheses.

Conclusion: There is no evidence to support differences in the marginal bone loss through indirect comparison between cement and screw-retained restorations.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Alveolar Bone Loss / etiology*
  • Cementation / methods*
  • Dental Cements / chemistry
  • Dental Implant-Abutment Design
  • Dental Implants*
  • Dental Prosthesis Retention / instrumentation*
  • Dental Prosthesis Retention / methods
  • Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported*
  • Humans
  • Peri-Implantitis / etiology*


  • Dental Cements
  • Dental Implants