Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is common among occupational health care clients with depression

J Occup Environ Med. 2013 Feb;55(2):168-71. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182717e6d.


Objective: To study how common personality disorders (PDs) are among employed subjects with first-episode depression. Depression is the single most common cause of working disability in Finland. Personality disorders are associated with depression.

Methods: Subjects were screened using the Beck Depression Inventory scale, with a cutoff point greater than 9. The structured clinical interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, fourth revision, was used to assess mental disorders. Inclusion criterion was major depressive disorder.

Results: Most of the 272 participants were female (83%) and the majority (74%) were older than 40 years. The main finding was that one third of the participants had obsessive-compulsive PD. The prevalence of obsessive-compulsive PD was 50% among men and 28% in women.

Conclusion: It is important to recognize comorbid PDs when assessing working-age persons experiencing depression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Comorbidity
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Finland / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / epidemiology*
  • Occupational Health Services / statistics & numerical data*
  • Prevalence
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Young Adult