Fibrosis is the principal characteristic of the autoimmune disease known as scleroderma or systemic sclerosis (SSc). Studies published within the last three years suggest central involvement of platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) in SSc-associated fibrosis. PDGFs may also be involved in SSc-associated autoimmunity and vasculopathy. The PDGF signaling pathway is well understood and PDGF receptors are expressed on collagen-secreting fibroblasts and on mesenchymal stem and/or progenitor cells that may affect SSc in profound and unexpected ways. Although much work remains before we fully understand how PDGFs are involved in SSc, there is much interest in using PDGF inhibitors as a therapeutic approach to SSc.