Cost analysis of immediate postabortal IUD insertion compared to planned IUD insertion at the time of abortion follow up

Contraception. 2013 Apr;87(4):404-8. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2012.11.011. Epub 2013 Jan 8.


Background: Immediate postabortal intrauterine device (IUD) insertion decreases rates of repeat abortions. However, only one third of high-volume, non-hospital abortion providers in the United States offer immediate postabortal IUD placement.

Study design: We conducted a cost analysis from a public payer perspective to evaluate the potential cost savings associated with a policy of immediate postabortal IUD insertion, compared to planned IUD insertion at the time of abortion follow up. Sensitivity analyses and Monte Carlo simulation were performed.

Results: Considering only direct costs of contraception and pregnancy-related care over 1 year, immediate postabortal IUD provision decreases public program expenditures by US$111 per woman compared to planned IUD placement at follow up. Over 5 years, the savings increases to $4296 per woman, when public health and social program costs are also considered.

Conclusion: Immediate postabortal IUD insertion is cost saving from a public payer perspective, compared to planned insertion at the time of follow up. These savings are seen over a wide range of model inputs.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Induced / economics
  • California
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intrauterine Devices / economics*
  • Medicaid / economics
  • Pregnancy
  • Time Factors
  • United States