Ultrasonography of peripheral nerves

Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2013 Feb;13(2):328. doi: 10.1007/s11910-012-0328-x.


Over the last decade, neuromuscular ultrasonography has emerged as a useful tool for the diagnosis of peripheral nerve disorders. This article reviews sonographic findings of normal nerves, including key quantitative ultrasound measurements that are helpful in the evaluation of focal and possibly generalized peripheral neuropathies. It also discusses several recent articles outlining the evidence base for the use of this technology, as well as new findings in compressive, traumatic, and generalized neuropathies. Ultrasonography is well suited for use in electrodiagnostic laboratories, where physicians, experienced in both the clinical evaluation of patients and the application of hands-on technology, can integrate findings from the patient's history, physical examination, electrophysiological studies, and imaging for diagnosis and management.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Peripheral Nerves / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ulnar Neuropathies / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ultrasonography