Numerical modeling of heat and mass transfer in the human eye under millimeter wave exposure

Bioelectromagnetics. 2013 May;34(4):291-9. doi: 10.1002/bem.21774. Epub 2013 Jan 11.


Human exposure to millimeter wave (MMW) radiation is expected to increase in the next several years. In this work, we present a thermal model of the human eye under MMW illumination. The model takes into account the fluid dynamics of the aqueous humor and predicts a frequency-dependent reversal of its flow that also depends on the incident power density. The calculated maximum fluid velocity in the anterior chamber and the temperature rise at the corneal apex are reported for frequencies from 40 to 100 GHz and different values of incident power density.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Electromagnetic Radiation*
  • Environmental Exposure*
  • Eye / radiation effects*
  • Hot Temperature*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological*
  • Rabbits