Biology and Management of Asian Citrus Psyllid, Vector of the Huanglongbing Pathogens

Annu Rev Entomol. 2013;58:413-32. doi: 10.1146/annurev-ento-120811-153542.


The Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), is the most important pest of citrus worldwide because it serves as a vector of "Candidatus Liberibacter" species (Alphaproteobacteria) that cause huanglongbing (citrus greening disease). All commercially cultivated citrus is susceptible and varieties tolerant to disease expression are not yet available. Onset of disease occurs following a long latent period after inoculation, and thus the pathogen can spread widely prior to detection. Detection of the pathogen in Brazil in 2004 and Florida in 2005 catalyzed a significant increase in research on D. citri biology. Chemical control is the primary management strategy currently employed, but recently documented decreases in susceptibility of D. citri to several insecticides illustrate the need for more sustainable tools. Herein, we discuss recent advances in the understanding of D. citri biology and behavior, pathogen transmission biology, biological control, and chemical control with respect to "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus." Our goal is to point toward integrated and biologically relevant management of this pathosystem.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Citrus / microbiology
  • Hemiptera* / microbiology
  • Hemiptera* / physiology
  • Insect Control*
  • Insect Vectors* / microbiology
  • Insect Vectors* / physiology
  • Pest Control, Biological*
  • Plant Diseases / microbiology
  • Rhizobiaceae / physiology