Micturition habits and incontinence in 7-year-old Swedish school entrants

Eur J Pediatr. 1990 Mar;149(6):434-7. doi: 10.1007/BF02009667.


The prevalence of incontinence in children has been extensively studied, but knowledge of other bladder symptoms is lacking in a healthy child population. The micturition habits of 3556 7-year-old school entrants were surveyed by a questionnaire supplemented by telephone interviews. One or more symptoms of a disturbed bladder function was reported in 26%, but most of these had moderate urgency as a sign of incomplete voluntary bladder control. Isolated bedwetting occurred in 2.8% of the girls and 7.0% of the boys, whereas nocturnal incontinence combined with daytime wetting was equally common in both sexes, 2.3% and 2.0% respectively. Diurnal incontinence was reported in 6.0% of the girls and 3.8% of the boys and was usually combined with other symptoms. The frequency of micturition in children without symptoms of bladder disturbance and with no previous urinary tract infection was 3-7 times per day.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Female
  • Habits
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Urinary Incontinence / epidemiology*
  • Urination*