Sleep quality as a mediator between technology-related sleep quality, depression, and anxiety

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2013 Jan;16(1):25-30. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2012.0157.


This study examines (a) relations among technology use during sleep time, sleep quality, and depression/anxiety and (b) time awake due to technology use. Two hundred thirty-six college students completed self-report questionnaires and week-long sleep diaries. Results revealed that 47 percent of students reported night-time waking to answer text messages and 40 percent to answer phone calls. Regression analyses indicated that higher levels of technology use after the onset of sleep predicted poorer sleep quality, and poorer sleep quality predicted symptoms of depression/anxiety. Finally, sleep quality is a mediator between technology use after the onset of sleep and depression/anxiety. College students who have difficulty setting boundaries around technology use may be at increased risk for psychological health concerns.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / psychology*
  • Cell Phone*
  • Depression / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Self Report
  • Sleep
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / psychology*
  • Students / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Text Messaging*