Diagnostic value of FASH ultrasound and chest X-ray in HIV-co-infected patients with abdominal tuberculosis

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2013 Mar;17(3):342-4. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.12.0679. Epub 2013 Jan 14.


In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infected tuberculosis (TB) patients with negative acid-fast bacilli smears, chest radiography (CXR) is usually the first imaging step in the diagnostic work-up. Ultrasound, also in the form of focused assessment with sonography for TB-HIV (FASH), is an additional imaging modality used to diagnose extra-pulmonary TB (EPTB). Findings from 82 patients with abdominal TB diagnosed by ultrasound were analysed and compared with CXR results. Enlarged abdominal lymph nodes were seen in 75.6% of the patients, spleen abscesses in 41.2% and liver lesions in 30.6%. CXR showed a miliary pattern in 21.9% of the patients; 26.8% of the CXR had no radiological changes suggestive of pulmonary TB. This patient group would benefit from ultrasound in diagnostic algorithms for HIV-associated EPTB.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Algorithms
  • CD4 Lymphocyte Count
  • Coinfection*
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Radiography, Thoracic*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Saudi Arabia / epidemiology
  • South Africa / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal / diagnosis*
  • Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal / diagnostic imaging
  • Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / diagnosis*
  • Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / diagnostic imaging
  • Tuberculosis, Lymph Node / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis, Miliary / diagnosis*
  • Tuberculosis, Miliary / diagnostic imaging
  • Tuberculosis, Miliary / epidemiology
  • Ultrasonography