Potential adverse effects of omega-3 Fatty acids in dogs and cats

J Vet Intern Med. Mar-Apr 2013;27(2):217-26. doi: 10.1111/jvim.12033. Epub 2013 Jan 16.

Abstract

Fish oil omega-3 fatty acids, mainly eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, are used in the management of several diseases in companion animal medicine, many of which are inflammatory in nature. This review describes metabolic differences among omega-3 fatty acids and outlines potential adverse effects that may occur with their supplementation in dogs and cats with a special focus on omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil. Important potential adverse effects of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation include altered platelet function, gastrointestinal adverse effects, detrimental effects on wound healing, lipid peroxidation, potential for nutrient excess and toxin exposure, weight gain, altered immune function, effects on glycemic control and insulin sensitivity, and nutrient-drug interactions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cat Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Cats
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Dog Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Dogs
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3 / adverse effects
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3 / metabolism*
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3 / poisoning*
  • Fish Oils / administration & dosage
  • Fish Oils / metabolism*
  • Fish Oils / poisoning*

Substances

  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3
  • Fish Oils