Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) plays a crucial role in renal phosphate regulation, exemplified by the causal role of PHEX and DMP1 mutations in X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets and autosomal recessive rickets type 1, respectively. Using whole exome sequencing we identified compound heterozygous mutations in family with sequence similarity 20, member C (FAM20C) in two siblings referred for hypophosphatemia and severe dental demineralization disease. FAM20C mutations were not found in other undiagnosed probands of a national Norwegian population of familial hypophosphatemia. Our results demonstrate that mutations in FAM20C provide a putative new mechanism in human subjects leading to dysregulated FGF23 levels, hypophosphatemia, hyperphosphaturia, dental anomalies, intracerebral calcifications and osteosclerosis of the long bones in the absence of rickets.
Copyright © 2013 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.