MiR-223 deficiency increases eosinophil progenitor proliferation

J Immunol. 2013 Feb 15;190(4):1576-82. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1202897. Epub 2013 Jan 16.


Recently, microRNAs have been shown to be involved in hematopoietic cell development, but their role in eosinophilopoiesis has not yet been described. In this article, we show that miR-223 is upregulated during eosinophil differentiation in an ex vivo bone marrow-derived eosinophil culture system. Targeted ablation of miR-223 leads to an increased proliferation of eosinophil progenitors. We found upregulation of a miR-223 target gene, IGF1R, in the eosinophil progenitor cultures derived from miR-223(-/-) mice compared with miR-223(+/+) littermate controls. The increased proliferation of miR-223(-/-) eosinophil progenitors was reversed by treatment with an IGF1R inhibitor (picropodophyllin). Whole-genome microarray analysis of differentially regulated genes between miR-223(+/+) and miR-223(-/-) eosinophil progenitor cultures identified a specific enrichment in genes that regulate hematologic cell development. Indeed, miR-223(-/-) eosinophil progenitors had a delay in differentiation. Our results demonstrate that microRNAs regulate the development of eosinophils by influencing eosinophil progenitor growth and differentiation and identify a contributory role for miR-223 in this process.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Marrow Cells / cytology
  • Bone Marrow Cells / immunology
  • Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism
  • Cell Differentiation / immunology
  • Cell Proliferation*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Down-Regulation / immunology
  • Eosinophils / cytology*
  • Eosinophils / immunology*
  • Eosinophils / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • MicroRNAs* / biosynthesis
  • MicroRNAs* / genetics
  • MicroRNAs* / metabolism
  • Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Stem Cells / immunology*
  • Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Up-Regulation / immunology*


  • MIRN223 microRNA, mouse
  • MicroRNAs