Risk communication as a tool for training apprentice welders: a study about risk perception and occupational accidents

ScientificWorldJournal. 2012;2012:140564. doi: 10.1100/2012/140564. Epub 2012 Dec 30.

Abstract

The present study has aimed to identify the perceptions of apprentice welders about physical, chemical, biological, and physiological risk factors to which they are exposed; identify types of occupational accidents involving apprentice welders; and report the development of a socioenvironmental education intervention as a tool for risk communication for apprentice welders. A quantitative study was performed with 161 apprentice welders in Southern Brazil in 2011. Data collection was performed via structured interviews with the apprentice welders about risk perception, occupational accidents, and time experienced in welding. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The participants identified the following risk types: physical (96.9%), chemical (95%), physiological (86.3%), and biological (51.5%). In this sample, 39.7% of apprentice welders reported occupational accidents and 27.3% reported burning. The inferential analysis showed that the frequency of risk perception factors increases with the length of experience, and apprentice welders who have experienced accidents during welding activity perceive a higher amount of risk factors than those who have never experienced them. It is concluded that apprentice welders perceive risks and that they tend to relate risks with the occurrence of occupational accidents as an indicator of the dangerous nature of their activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational / prevention & control*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Brazil
  • Communication*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inservice Training / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Perception*
  • Risk Assessment*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Welding*
  • Workforce
  • Young Adult