Effect of the Great East Japan Earthquake on cardiovascular diseases--report from the 10 hospitals in the disaster area

Circ J. 2013;77(2):490-3. doi: 10.1253/circj.cj-12-1594. Epub 2013 Jan 18.


Background: We reported an increased occurrence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) after the Great East Japan Earthquake by examining ambulance records, but it had to be confirmed by cardiologists.

Methods and results: We enrolled patients admitted to the cardiology department of the 10 hospitals in the disaster area from 4 weeks prior to 15 weeks after March 11 in the years 2008-2011 (n=14,078). The weekly occurrence of several CVDs, including heart failure (HF), pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) and infectious endocarditis (IE), was sharply and significantly increased after the Earthquake.

Conclusions: The Disaster caused significantly increases in the occurrence of HF, PTE and IE.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cardiology Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Earthquakes / statistics & numerical data*
  • Endocarditis / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Heart Failure / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Admission / statistics & numerical data*
  • Prevalence
  • Pulmonary Embolism / epidemiology
  • Sex Distribution
  • Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy / epidemiology