Quantitative phosphoproteomics after auxin-stimulated lateral root induction identifies an SNX1 protein phosphorylation site required for growth

Mol Cell Proteomics. 2013 May;12(5):1158-69. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M112.021220. Epub 2013 Jan 17.


Protein phosphorylation is instrumental to early signaling events. Studying system-wide phosphorylation in relation to processes under investigation requires a quantitative proteomics approach. In Arabidopsis, auxin application can induce pericycle cell divisions and lateral root formation. Initiation of lateral root formation requires transcriptional reprogramming following auxin-mediated degradation of transcriptional repressors. The immediate early signaling events prior to this derepression are virtually uncharacterized. To identify the signal molecules responding to auxin application, we used a lateral root-inducible system that was previously developed to trigger synchronous division of pericycle cells. To identify and quantify the early signaling events following this induction, we combined (15)N-based metabolic labeling and phosphopeptide enrichment and applied a mass spectrometry-based approach. In total, 3068 phosphopeptides were identified from auxin-treated root tissue. This root proteome dataset contains largely phosphopeptides not previously reported and represents one of the largest quantitative phosphoprotein datasets from Arabidopsis to date. Key proteins responding to auxin treatment included the multidrug resistance-like and PIN2 auxin carriers, auxin response factor2 (ARF2), suppressor of auxin resistance 3 (SAR3), and sorting nexin1 (SNX1). Mutational analysis of serine 16 of SNX1 showed that overexpression of the mutated forms of SNX1 led to retarded growth and reduction of lateral root formation due to the reduced outgrowth of the primordium, showing proof of principle for our approach.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression
  • Indoleacetic Acids / pharmacology*
  • Isotope Labeling
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Plant Growth Regulators / pharmacology*
  • Plant Roots / growth & development
  • Plant Roots / metabolism*
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Proteome / metabolism*
  • Proteomics
  • Seedlings / growth & development
  • Seedlings / metabolism
  • Sorting Nexins / genetics
  • Sorting Nexins / metabolism*


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Indoleacetic Acids
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Plant Growth Regulators
  • Proteome
  • SNX1 protein, Arabidopsis
  • Sorting Nexins