EGS4 Monte Carlo determination of the beta dose kernel in water

Med Phys. 1990 Mar-Apr;17(2):179-86. doi: 10.1118/1.596565.


The EGS4 Monte Carlo code has been used to simulate the emission and energy deposition in H2O about point sources of monoenergetic electrons and radionuclides of potential use in radioimmunotherapy. The radiations studied were 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 MeV monoenergetic electrons and 32P, 67Cu, 90Y, 105Rh, 131I, 153Sm, 186Re, and 188Re beta particles and conversion and Auger electrons. Ten batches of 10,000 electrons (or 10,000 radionuclide decays) each were started isotropically at a point in an infinite homogeneous H2O phantom. The parameter-reduced electron-step transport algorithm (PRESTA) version of the EGS4 Monte Carlo code was used to follow these and their progeny, scoring the energy deposited in thin spherical shells. The scaled dose kernels are calculated and compared to kernels available in the literature. These previously published kernels either completely ignore secondary electrons or are based on a Monte Carlo code which improperly sampled the Landau energy straggling distribution.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Beta Particles*
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Electrons
  • Monte Carlo Method
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radioisotopes
  • Water


  • Radioisotopes
  • Water