Multifocal intraocular lenses in cataract surgery: literature review of benefits and side effects

J Cataract Refract Surg. 2013 Feb;39(2):268-78. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2012.12.002.


This literature review looks at the current status of multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) in cataract surgery. The results of implantation of multifocal IOLs of diffractive, refractive, and hybrid diffractive-refractive design are described with regard to uncorrected near and distance visual acuity and spectacle independence. The occurrence of photic phenomena and contrast sensitivity loss with multifocal IOLs are also addressed.

Financial disclosure: Neither author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cataract Extraction*
  • Humans
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular*
  • Lenses, Intraocular* / adverse effects
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Pseudophakia / physiopathology
  • Refraction, Ocular / physiology
  • Visual Acuity / physiology