Background: MiR-182 is a member of the miR-183 cluster located at human chromosome 7q32 region and is up-regulated in human cancers. We study the regulation of miR-182 expression and its oncogenic role.
Methods: MiR-182 level was investigated by real-time reverse transcription-PCR. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay was used to confirm promoter binding of transcription factors. The correlation between miR-182 and RECK was analyzed by Western blotting, real-time RT-PCR and 3(')-untranslated region reporter assay. Zymography, matrix metalloproteinase activity, invasion and colony formation were used to study the tumorigenic activity.
Results: MiR-182 is over-expressed in human breast tumor tissues and cell lines. Inhibition or knockdown of β-catenin reduced miR-182 level in MDA-MB-231 cells. ChIP assay confirmed the binding of β-catenin on miR-182 promoter. Anti-miR-182 increased the MMP inhibitor RECK protein in MDA-MB-231 cells while pre-miR-182 reduced RECK protein but not mRNA in normal mammary epithelial H184B5F5/M10 cells. Restoration of RECK protein by anti-miR-182 attenuated MMP-9 activity, cell invasion and colony formation. Ectopic expression of miR-182 inhibited restoration of RECK protein by β-catenin inhibitor indicating miR-182 is important for β-catenin-induced down-regulation of RECK. An inverse association between miR-182 and RECK was demonstrated in breast tumor tissues.
Conclusions: We provide evidence that miR-182 is up-regulated by β-catenin signaling pathway in breast cancer and its up-regulation increases tumorigenicity and invasiveness by repressing RECK.
General significance: Our data demonstrate for the first time that miR-182 expression is controlled by β-catenin. In addition, we identify a new miR-182 target RECK which is important for miR-182-induced tumorigenesis.
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