Imaging-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an option for treatment in patients with early-stage small renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). RFA has been introduced to treat focal renal tumors, particularly incidental lesions <3 cm in elderly patients and those with comorbid conditions. Other uses have included treatment in patients with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome and other diseases that predispose patients to multiple renal carcinomas, where renal parenchymal preservation is desired. It appears that this technique has a low complication rate, preserves renal function, is well tolerated by the patients, and, in a high percentage of patients, can eradicate small renal tumors. Techniques, patient selection, complications, and results are discussed.