Background: No effective treatment has been found for epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica (EBD).
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in treating EBD.
Methods: This randomized controlled double-blinded study included 35 patients with severe generalized EBD. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: group I (18 patients) received cyclosporine therapy (5 mg/kg/day) and group II (17 patients) received MMF therapy (500-1500 mg/day). Clinical assessment was made weekly for 3 months from the start of the treatment. Patients were assessed by measuring the extent of the disease, the % of improvement, assessing the number of new blister formation and the time of complete healing of new blisters. Side effects were recorded when detected.
Results: The % of improvement in the disease extent was statistically significantly higher (p = 0.009) in group I (mean ± SD: 59.21 ± 22.676) than in group II (mean ± SD: 44.03 ± 25.71). As regards the number of new blisters and the rate of healing of blisters, there was no statistically significant difference between both groups (p = 0.693 and 0.404, respectively). No serious side effects were reported.
Conclusion: MMF seems to be a good therapeutic option for the long-term treatment of EBD, it can be a good alternative for patients who cannot tolerate cyclosporine.