DNA repair gene variants are associated with an increased risk of myelodysplastic syndromes in a Czech population

J Hematol Oncol. 2013 Jan 22:6:9. doi: 10.1186/1756-8722-6-9.


Background: Interactions between genetic variants and risk factors in myelodysplastic syndromes are poorly understood. In this case-control study, we analyzed 1 421 single nucleotide polymorphisms in 408 genes involved in cancer-related pathways in 198 patients and 292 controls.

Methods: The Illumina SNP Cancer Panel was used for genotyping of samples. The chi-squared, p-values, odds ratios and upper and lower limits of the 95% confidence interval were calculated for all the SNPs that passed the quality control filtering.

Results: Gene-based analysis showed nine candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms significantly associated with the disease susceptibility (q-value<0.05). Four of these polymorphisms were located in oxidative damage/DNA repair genes (LIG1, RAD52, MSH3 and GPX3), which may play important roles in the pathobiology of myelodysplastic syndromes. Two of nine candidate polymorphisms were located in transmembrane transporters (ABCB1 and SLC4A2), contributing to individual variability in drug responses and patient prognoses. Moreover, the variations in the ROS1 and STK6 genes were associated with the overall survival of patients.

Conclusions: Our association study identified genetic variants in Czech population that may serve as potential markers for myelodysplastic syndromes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Czech Republic / epidemiology
  • DNA Repair / genetics*
  • DNA Repair Enzymes / genetics*
  • DNA, Neoplasm / genetics
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes / epidemiology
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes / etiology*
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes / mortality
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Rate
  • Young Adult


  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • DNA Repair Enzymes