The effect of varying implant position in immediately loaded implant-supported mandibular overdentures

J Oral Implantol. 2013 Jun;39(3):345-54. doi: 10.1563/AAID-JOI-D-12-00098. Epub 2013 Jan 22.


This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of varying implant position in immediately loaded implant-supported mandibular overdentures on peri-implant bone density, muscle activity, and patient satisfaction. Fourteen completely edentulous patients were selected for the study. After complete denture construction, patients were divided into 2 equal groups. Four dental implants were installed bilaterally in the interforaminal region in the first group, while in the second group, 4 dental implants were inserted bilaterally: 2 in the interforaminal region and 2 in the first molar area. Immediately after suturing, telescopic abutments were screwed to the implants, and the retaining caps were picked up into the fitting surface of the lower denture, which was delivered to the patient. Patients were recalled for radiographic bone density evaluation just after denture delivery and then at 3, 6, and 12 months thereafter. Muscle activities of masseter and temporalis muscles as well as patient satisfaction were also evaluated. The results of the study showed a high success rate approximating 98.2% of the immediately loaded implants. The electromyographic (EMG) records of both muscles in group 1 were significantly higher during chewing hard food after 3 months compared with group 2 (P < .05). Bone density changes were comparable in the 2 groups except at the end of the follow-up period, when group 2 showed a significant increase in peri-implant bone density values of the posteriorly placed implants compared with group 1 (P < .05). From the results of this study, it may be concluded that wide distribution of immediately loaded implants used for supporting mandibular overdentures through posterior placement beyond the interforaminal area results in a favorable response in terms of increased peri-implant bone density as well as decreased EMG activity of masseter and temporalis muscles.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Alveolar Process / diagnostic imaging
  • Bone Density / physiology
  • Dental Arch / surgery*
  • Dental Implant-Abutment Design
  • Dental Implants*
  • Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported*
  • Denture Retention
  • Denture, Complete, Immediate
  • Denture, Complete, Lower*
  • Denture, Overlay*
  • Electromyography / methods
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Immediate Dental Implant Loading / methods*
  • Male
  • Mandible / physiology
  • Mandible / surgery*
  • Masseter Muscle / physiology
  • Mastication / physiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain, Postoperative / etiology
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Radiography
  • Temporal Muscle / physiology
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Dental Implants