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Review
. 2013 May 1;331(2):139-46.
doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2012.12.024. Epub 2013 Jan 20.

Understanding High Grade Glioma: Molecular Mechanism, Therapy and Comprehensive Management

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Review

Understanding High Grade Glioma: Molecular Mechanism, Therapy and Comprehensive Management

Yongzhi Wang et al. Cancer Lett. .

Abstract

High-grade gliomas (HGGs) account for the vast majority of all gliomas, including glioblastoma (World Health Organization (WHO) grade IV) and anaplasticgliomas (WHO grade III). Despite tremendous efforts in developing multimodal treatments, the overall prognosis remains poor; however, survival time varies considerably between patients. The nature of diffuse permeation into surrounding brain parenchyma poses dilemma for neurosurgeons between extensive surgical resection to eliminate as much as tumor cells as possible and adverse effects associated with brain function. Heterogeneity in both cytology and gene expression makes it difficult to coordinate an effective therapy which works for every patient. This article reviews recent advancements in the molecular mechanism, multimodal treatment and clinical management, and the updated view on the biomarkers in patients with HGG, both in primary and recurrent setting, with an emphasis on targeted therapies tailored to the patient.

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