Prevention and treatment of urinary catheter-associated infections

Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2013 Apr;15(2):116-23. doi: 10.1007/s11908-013-0316-6.


Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CA-UTIs) are the most common nosocomial infection worldwide. Prolonged catheterization is the most important risk factor for CA-UTIs. As is the case with all device-related infections, the biofilm plays a central role in the pathogenesis of CA-UTIs. The diagnosis is often difficult, given the lack of good diagnostic tests. The most effective way to prevent infection is to limit catheter use and discontinue the catheter when no longer needed. Catheter removal or exchange is also useful in management. This review summarizes and analyzes the results of published studies of CA-UTIs and assesses the role of prevention approaches and management strategies.