Fertility indices for beef bulls

Aust Vet J. 1990 Jan;67(1):13-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-0813.1990.tb07383.x.


Young (16- to 30-month-old) beef bulls of 6 different genotypes were assessed for production and reproduction traits at different ages and intervals from single-sire mating. Fertility indices, in the form of multiple regression equations using pregnancy rate as the dependent variable, were derived from these assessments using non-orthogonal analyses of variance and covariance. "Among" and "within" genotype fertility indices showed significant correlations with pregnancy rate. "Within" genotype fertility indices showing significant multiple correlations (p less than 0.01) at 11 (r = 0.75), 8 (r = 0.89), 6 (r = 0.86) and 2 (r = 0.80) months prior to mating. It was found that the most important traits to include in the fertility indices were peripheral LH levels following GnRH stimulation, testicular volume, libido and body weight. In general, the fertility indices showed good correlations with bull reproductive performance and were not significantly affected by bull genotype.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Cattle / genetics
  • Cattle / physiology*
  • Fertility* / genetics
  • Genotype
  • Male
  • Regression Analysis
  • Software