Graduates of all U.S. combined internal medicine-pediatrics residency programs were surveyed in 1987 regarding a variety of demographic information about their residencies and current practices, the residency curricula they had followed for both specialties, and recommendations for modifications in training. The 71 responding graduates (from a total of 112) reported patient care as their major involvement (mean of 42.9 hours per week), with a majority (83%) seeing patients in both pediatric and adult age groups. Most were involved in primary care only (64%). The graduates reported that during both pediatrics and internal medicine training, they had had too many inpatient and intensive care rotations and too few elective and ambulatory rotations. The most important subspecialty rotations in internal medicine were considered to be cardiology, dermatology, and pulmonary medicine; and in pediatrics, infectious disease, cardiology, and adolescent medicine. The graduates recommended more outpatient subspecialty rotations, ambulatory rotations in medicine and pediatrics, and a combined medicine-pediatrics continuity clinic.