Activation of glycogenolysis by stimulation of the hepatic nerves in perfused livers of guinea pig and tree shrew as compared to rat: differences in the mode of action

Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1990 Feb;371(2):153-8. doi: 10.1515/bchm3.1990.371.1.153.


A study on the metabolic and hemodynamic actions of hepatic nerve stimulation in the perfused liver of guinea pig and tree shrew as compared to rat was performed, since the density of liver innervation was reported to be different. 1) Nerve stimulation resulted in an increase in glucose release and decrease in lactate uptake or in a shift to output as well as a decrease in portal flow in all three species. The change in glucose output was very similar, that in lactate balance and flow was smaller in tree shrew than in guinea pig and rat. Apparently, the metabolic and hemodynamic changes did not reflect the different densities of liver innervation. 2) The overflow of the neurotransmitter noradrenaline into the hepatic vein differed very clearly in the three animals. In the guinea pig and tree shrew the maximal increase in noradrenaline concentration measured in the effluent was about 6-7-fold higher than in the rat. 3) The content of noradrenaline in the liver in vivo was about five-fold higher in the guinea pig and again another four-fold higher in the tree shrew than in the rat. The contents of adrenaline and dopamine were very low in comparison to those of noradrenaline. The different hepatic noradrenaline contents of the three species investigated are in line with the anatomical findings on the different innervation density. 4) Inhibitors of eicosanoid synthesis reduced the nerve stimulation-dependent metabolic and hemodynamic alterations in guinea pig liver as in rat liver indicating a similar mechanism in these species. Apparently, prostaglandins might be involved as mediators or modulators of nerve actions also in the more densely innervated guinea pig liver and not only in the less densely innervated rat liver.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetophenones / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Dopamine / analysis
  • Eicosanoids / physiology*
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Epinephrine / analysis
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Hemodynamics
  • Indomethacin / pharmacology
  • Lactates / metabolism*
  • Liver / innervation
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Liver / physiology
  • Male
  • Norepinephrine / analysis
  • Norepinephrine / metabolism*
  • Perfusion
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Species Specificity
  • Tupaia


  • Acetophenones
  • Eicosanoids
  • Lactates
  • Glucose
  • 4-bromophenacyl bromide
  • Dopamine
  • Norepinephrine
  • Indomethacin
  • Epinephrine